775 – 11/19/839
Egbert (802-39 AD)
Known as the first King of All England, he was forced into exile at the court of Charlemagne, by the powerful Offa, King of Mercia. Egbert returned to England in 802 and was recognized as king of Wessex. He defeated the rival Mercians at the battle of Ellendun in 825. In 829, the Northumbrians accepted his overlordship and he was proclaimed “Bretwalda” or sole ruler of Britain.
A guide to the monarch’s ancestors and offspring. These trails can lead you through the history of Europe’s royal houses and to some unexpected places.
Egbert, King of WESSEX from 802 to 839. He secured the submission of KENT, EAST ANGLIA, MERCIA, and NORTHUMBRIA. Historians later called him the first king of England, but there was no conception of a kingdom of England in his day.
Known as the first King of All England, he was forced into exile at the court of Charlemagne, by the powerful Offa, King of Mercia. Egbert returned to England in 802 and was recognized as King of Wessex. He defeated the rival Mercians at the battle of Ellendun in 825. In 829, the Northumbrians accepted his overlordship and he was proclaimed “Bretwalda” or sole ruler of Britain.
He Reigned from 802-839. In 800 at the decease of King Brithric, Egbert was called by the voice of his countrymen to assume the Government of Wessex, and he subsequently succeeded in reducing all the Kingdoms of the Heptarchy under his sway. His reign, a long and glorious one, is memorable for the great victories he achieved over the Danes. See Europäisch Stammtafeln Bund II tafel 58.
King of Wessex, 802-827, and was the first king of all England, 827-836. The male line of kings descends from him to Edward the Confessor and the female line to the present time.
1 Wig of Ancient Saxony b: Abt. 355 in Ancient Saxony, Northern Germany
2 Gewis of Ancient Saxony b: Abt. 383 in Ancient Saxony, Northern Germany
3 Esla II, of Ancient Saxony b: Abt. 411 in Ancient Saxony, Northern Germany
4 Elesa of Ancient Saxony b: Abt. 439 in Ancient Saxony, Northern Germany
5 Cerdic, King of Saxons b: Abt. 467 in Ancient Saxony, Northern Germany d: Abt. 534 in WEssex, England
6 Crioda, King of Wessex Crioda b: Abt. 493 in Wessex, England
7 Cynric, King of Wessex b: Abt. 527 in Wessex, England d: 560 in Wessex, England
8 Ceawlin, King of Wessex b: Abt. 540 in Wessex, England d: 593 in Wessex, England
9 Cuthwine, King of W. Saxon b: Abt. 564 d: 584
10 Cutha, King of West Saxon b: Abt. 588 in Wessex, England
11 Ceowald, Prince of Wessex b: Abt. 622 in Wessex, England d: in Wessex, England
12 Cenred, Prince of Wessex Cenred b: Abt. 644 in Wessex, England
13 (Prince of Wessex) Ingild b: Abt. 680 in Wessex, England d: 718 in Wessex, England
m: Inglid Wife b: Abt. 684
14 Eoppa of Wessex) Eoppa b: Abt. 706 in Wessex, England d: in Wessex, England
15 Eafa of Wessex b: Abt. 732 in Wessex, England
m: Kentish Princess Eopa b: Abt. 736 in Wessex, England
16 Ealhamund Under-King of Kent(784-6) b: Abt. 758 in Wessex, England d: 786
17 Egbert III, The Great King of England(802-839)
Descendants of Egbert III, (The Great King of England(802-839))
1 Egbert III, (The Great King of England(802-839))
. 2 King AETHELWULF of England(839-856) b: Abt. 806 Wessex d:Jan 13, 857/58 in England Burial: Winchester Cathedral, London, England
…. 3 ALFRED, The Great King of Wessex(871-899) b: 849 in Wantage, Berkshire, England d: Oct 26, 899 Winchester, Hampshire, England
…….. 4 EDWARD, The Elder King of Wessex(899-924) b: Abt. 871 in Wessex, England d: July 17, 924 in Farrington, Berkshire, England ………..Burial: Winchester Cathedral, London, England
……….. 5 Edmund I, “The Deed Doer”(King of England:939-46) b: 921 d: May 26, 946 Pucklechurch, Glos (stabbed by an outlaw)
………….. 6 Edgar, “The Peaceful” (King of England:959-975) b: 944 in Wessex, England d: July 8, 975 in Winchester, England
……………… 7 EDWARD, “The Martyr” (King of England:975-8) b: 963 d: Mar 28, 978 Castle Corfet, Dorset Burial: Wareham Abbey, Dorset
……………… m2: AELFTHRYTH m: 964
……………… 7 AETHELRED II,. “The Unready King” b: Abt. 968 d: April 23, 1016 in London
………………… 8 EDWARD, “The Confessor” (King of Eng 1042-66) b:Abt. 1002 Islip, Oxfordshire, England d: Jan 5, 1066 Palace of Westminster
…………………. m2: ELFREDA m2: Abt. 985
………………… 8 KING EDMUND, The Ironside b: Bet. 983 – 989 Wessex, England d: Nov 30, 1016 in Wessex, England (murdered)
…………………… 9 EDWARD, “The exile” b: 1016 Wessex, England d: 1057 Wessex, England
………………………. 10 SAINT MARGARET, Queen of Scotland b: Abt. 1045 Hungary d: Nov 16, 1093 Edinburgh Castle, Midlothian, Scotland
………….. 6 EDWY, “The Fair” (King of England:955-9) b: Abt. 940 d:Oct 1, 959 Gloucester, Eng Burial: Winchester Cathedral, London, Eng
……….. 5 EDRED EDMUND, King of England(946-955) b: Aft. 920
……….. 5 ELGIVA, Princess of England b: Abt. 912 Wessex, Eng
………….. 6 GUILLAUME III, of Aquitaine b: Abt. 929 Poitiers, Vienna, France d: Apr 3, 963
……………… 7 ADELAIDE, Princess of Aquitaine b: Abt. 952 Germany d:1004
………………… 8 ROBERT II, of France b: Mar 27, 972 Orleans, Loiret, France d: July 20, 1031 in Melun Burial: St. Denis
…………………… 9 HENRY CAPET I, King of France b: 1006 Reims, France d: Aug 4, 1060 Vitry, Brie, France
………………………. 10 HUGH MAGNUS deCREPI, Duke of France b:1057 Vermandois, Normandy, Fr d: Oct 18, 1101 Tarsus, Asia Minor
……………………m2: Constance De TOULOUSE b: Abt. 974 Toulouse, Fr d: July 25, 1032 Melun
…………………… 9 ADELE (ALIX of France) b: 1009 France d: Jan 1, 1078 Monastere De, L’Ordre De St, Benoist, Messine, France
………………………. 10 MATILDA (Maud, Countess of Flanders) b: Abt. 1031 Flanders, France d: Nov 3, 1083 Caen, Calvados, France
Egbert, is regarded as the first King of England. He reigned from 802 to 829 (839?). He was born about 775 and fled from his cousin Brethrick, taking refuse in the court of Charlemagne, where he stayed for about twelve years, serving as one of his captains. On the death of Brethrick, who was poisoned by his wife, Egbert returned to England. In 802 at Winchester he was crowned King of the West Saxons. He subdued West Wales, or Cornwall, defeated the King of Mercia at Ellandune, annexed Kent and in 829 he became overlord of all the English kings and gave the name of England to the whole realm. There are still in existence some coins struck by Egbert, though these are now extremely rare. In 835 Egbert defeated a formidable army of Danes at Hingston Down in Cornwall, when they attempted to invade England. He died in 839, and was buried at Westminster. He married Lady Readberga (Redburga). He was succeeded by his son, Ethelwulf.
Egbert is our 37th Great Grandfather Parents: Ealhmund Under-King of Kent.
The Fall of Rome
Piscean Age – Decan Two – Compassion (666-1332 CE)
In 568 the Lombard tribe conquered northern Italy and established a new kingdom that threatened to move south into the land claimed by the Visigoths. They maintained this stronghold of Celtic tradition until 741 when Pope Gregory III declared a Holy War against the Lombards and their Druidic faith, led by a Frank general named Charles Martel. He sent a Saxon monk named Boniface to West Germany in 741 to evangelize the tribes for the papacy in support of the Holy War. Boniface was murdered in 754.
The Lombards were finally conquered by an army of Franks led by a descendant of Clovis named Pepin the Short, son of Charles Martel. He claimed all the lands of Ravenna for the Papacy, and was crowned as King of Franks by Pope Gregory in 751. After his death in 768 King Pepin was succeeded by his sons, Charles I. He was an ardent Christian, married to the daughter of the Lombard King, Desiderius. In 771, when Desiderius threatened to conquer Rome with his Lombard warriors, Pope Adrian I appealed to Charles for support. He led his Frank army into Lombardy and defeated his father-in-law in battle. This gave him titles over both Gaul and Lombardy, with strong ties to the Pope. He soon became known as Charles the Great, or Charlemagne.
He next set out to conquer all the Celtic tribes to the north and east of Gaul for Christianity, and thus secure the borders of his Empire. Charlemagne battled the Saxons for many years, along with the Avars, a Tartar tribe that had settled on the Danube. As his enemies were subdued, Charlemagne created marches or marks along the new frontiers of his Empire. Those left to rule these provinces were given the title Marquises.
Austria was the East Mark, and the northern province was called Dane Mark. Eventually his rule extended over most of Europe as the Druids were forced to accept the Christian faith. On Christmas Day in the year 800 he was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III. With this gesture a Celtic king became the sovereign leader of the Roman Empire. A millennium of warfare had been resolved by the ascension of Charlemagne.
The leadership of the Frank Emperor was just and fair to all the Celtic tribes that had been subdued. Commissioners were dispatched throughout the Empire to insure that taxes were paid, laws were observed and justice was served for everyone. The finest scholars of his time were brought to his castle at Aix-la-Chapelle near Cologne, and a school was established at Aachen to preserve many of the Latin classical writings for the western world.
Two years after the coronation of Charlemagne, the Saxon king of Wessex returned from an exile in the court of the new Emperor to unite all the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms as their overlord, King Egbert. Near the end of his reign, in the late 830’s, a northern tribe of Celts invaded from Dane-Mark, gaining control of northern and eastern Angleland. Alfred the Great, grandson of Egbert, gathered an army of Anglo-Saxon warriors in 878 and forced the Danes to accept Christianity and remain in an area to the northeast which later became known as Danelaw. By 1016 the Danes established their own conquest of the island with the coronation of Canute as King of England.
With the death of Canute, the throne of England was passed to a descendant of Alfred the Great, named Edward the Confessor, a very pious but ineffective leader. When he died childless, the Anglo-Saxon Council of Advisors (the Witenagemot) elected Harold, Earl of Essex, to succeed the throne. William, Duke of Normandy, was a cousin of King Edward laid claim to the throne and crossed the Channel with an army or Normans, Bretons, Flemish and assorted mercenary warriors and the approval of the Pope. In 1066 he defeated the English army at the Battle of Hastings and was acknowledged as the rightful king by the Wtienagemot. He was crowned King of England on Christmas Day, 1066 at Westminster Abbey. Under his wisdom, all the nobility of England were granted fair portions of land which were recorded and collected in the Domesday Book. Thus all the noble families of all the tribes became his vassels in such a way that no one could challenge his authority. In 1086 he conducted the first census of England.